Implementation of Unified English Braille for Students Who Are Blind Or Visually Impaired (Virginia Department of Education)


On November 2, 2012, the Braille Authority of North America (BANA) adopted Unified English Braille (UEB) as an official braille code to replace English Braille American Edition (EBAE) in the U.S.  At that time, BANA also maintained the current Nemeth Code for Mathematics and Science Notation,the Music Braille Code, and the International Phonetic Alphabet as official braille codes.  January 4, 2016, was identified as the general implementation date for UEB in the U.S.  Consequently, individual state departments of education and stakeholders collaborated to develop individual state implementation plans with specific timelines and processes for transitioning to UEB in schools across the U.S.

Throughout the development of the Unified English Braille Implementation Plan for Virginia Public Schools, the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) carefully considered the need for appropriate information, training, and resources to support the current and future braille instruction and literacy needs of students who are blind or visually impaired.

During the 2016-2017 school year, Virginia educators and students who are learning and utilizing braille will begin the process of transitioning to UEB for literary and technical content instructional materials (e.g., reading, writing, mathematics, science, and technology) in Virginia public schools.


Curriculum/Instructional Methods Deaf-Blind Disability Characteristics Elementary High School Instructional Strategies Middle School Parent/Family Professional Resources Related Services Vision Impairment