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Showing Results 1 - 50 of 61
Description: Where will a student with a disability receive his or her special education and related services? IDEA requires placement in the least restrictive environment (LRE) for each child, a setting that is based on the child’s IEP.
Description: Title |  Building the Legacy for Our Youngest Children with Disabilities: A Training Curriculum on Part C of IDEA 2004 By Whom? | This training curriculum was produced by NICHCY at the request of the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) at the U.S. Department of Education. The Center for Parent Information and Resources is pleased to house this curriculum and to make it continuously available. For Whom? |  The curriculum is intended to help all those involved with...
Description: In drafting the provisions of IDEA, our nation’s special education law, Congress clearly contemplated that, at times, there would be disagreements between parents of children with disabilities and the school districts providing special education and related services to their children. While it is expected that parents and school personnel will work in partnership to ensure children with disabilities are provided appropriate services, there are times when the child’s parents and...
Description: The education of children with disabilities is a top national priority. Our nation’s special education law, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), sets high standards for their achievement and guides how special help and services are made available in schools to address their individual needs.
Description: This section includes a compilation links to resources on: Benefits Civil Rights Community Life Education Employment Emergency Preparedness Housing Technology Transportation  
Description: Being a parent is the most wonderful—and hardest—job in the world. If you have a child with special needs, your job is no less wonderful, but it can be more complicated. Your child’s education is most likely an area of great interest to you. As a child with a disability, he or she may be eligible for special education services in school. If so, then it will be important for you to learn: more about special education; how special education services can support your child; and...
Description: RICHMOND, Va. – For a fifth consecutive year, the U.S. Department of Education has awarded Virginia its highest rating for improving outcomes for students with disabilities and for compliance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Virginia received a “Meets Requirements” designation on the federal department’s 2017 IDEA report card. The commonwealth earned the maximum number of possible points on all 10 compliance indicators – including in...
Description: This memo contains a summary of the legislative changes in the McKinney-Vento Education of Homeless Children and Youths (EHCY) program under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).  It also contains supplemental guidance on school of origin transportation for students with disabilities who have transportation as a related service in their Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), and a request for input on the EHCY State Plan for Virginia.  Legislative Summary Under ESSA, the...
Description: Legislation passed by the 2016 General Assembly (House Bill 842) requires every person seeking initial licensure or renewal of a license to complete awareness training on the indicators of dyslexia and evidence-based interventions and accommodations for dyslexia. In support of the regulation, this document, Dyslexia: Frequently Asked Questions is designed to be a resource for teachers, administrators and parents to address the educational needs of students with dyslexia. It provides...
Description: Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects individuals with mental health, intellectual, or developmental disabilities from discrimination within the criminal justice system. Last week, the Justice Department issued guidance  to facilitate criminal justice entities' compliance with the ADA during interactions with people with disabilities. The document sets forth the key regulatory provisions under the ADA and provides examples of how local law enforcement, corrections,...
Description: The Justice Department today announced an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Title III regulation to further clarify a public accommodation’s obligation to provide appropriate auxiliary aids and services for people with disabilities.  The final rule provides that public accommodations that own, operate or lease movie theaters are required to provide closed movie captioning and audio description whenever showing a digital movie that is produced, distributed or otherwise made...
Description: The U.S. Department of Education released guidance for fiscal changes and equitable services requirements under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The guidance highlights changes to: Title I, Part A within-state allocations; Title I within-district allocations; Title II, Part A allocations; maintenance of effort requirements; and transferability requirements.  The ESSA also makes a number of changes to the equitable services requirements for private school students in Title I and Title...
Description: The Department is issuing this guidance to provide State and local educational agencies with information to assist them in meeting their obligations under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.Significant guidance is non-binding and does not create or impose new legal requirements.
Description: The Every Child Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) replaces the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). Under ESSA, the States and Districts are given more leeway as to how federal dollars are to be spent on education. This reduces the role of federal oversight by giving power back to the states to make decisions about appropriate spending and to have greater flexibility in setting their own academic performance targets and effective interventions. To help, Congress created a block grant called the...
Description: The Every Child Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) replaces the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). While there are some similarities, there are some differences that are worth noting: Highly Qualified Language is Removed An area to note is that ESSA removes the terms “highly qualified teacher” and “highly qualified paraprofessional” as of August 1, 2016 (Superintendent’s Memo #076-16). Starting with the 2016-2017 school year, “highly qualified” data will...
Description: This is a web-based toolkit to assist in identification of specific practices and strategies around transition in early childhood.Practices are defined as key elements of transition planning that are broad and global in nature and can be implemented in ways that reflect a shared understanding of the intent of the practice and are regularly and consistently implemented across staff and programs. Strategies are defined as specific program or classroom activities used to implement a...
Description: The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) offers guidance on collaboration for parents, parent advocates, and school division personnel in this memo. Collaboration is the essential building block of creating successful outcomes for students with disabilities. The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) strongly encourages parents, parent advocates and professionals who work with students with disabilities throughout Virginia's public schools, to work together collaboratively in a positive...
Description: Every child is unique and learns in different ways. If your child has been identified as needing special education services to support his or her learning at school, you can play a major role in shaping the services your child receives. This section will help you understand the Individualized Education Program (IEP) and the importance of your participation in developing your child’s IEP Plan. You are a required member of your child’s IEP team, and your ideas must always be considered...
Description: The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) issued a “Dear Colleague” Letter  to states to ensure students with disabilities attending public virtual schools are getting the special education and supports required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Public virtual schools are becoming more common so it is important that the rights and protections guaranteed to students with disabilities are not...
Description: The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment and requires that covered employers (employers with 15 or more employees) provide reasonable accommodations to applicants and employees with disabilities that require such accommodations due to their disabilities. This document seeks to provide general information to employers and employees regarding when...
Description: The transition from high school to college life is difficult enough for any number of students without considering a disability. Odds are that if you have a disability and you made it through high school, you’ve done it with the help of a very disciplined and structured routine order of classes. College life is a very different game, allowing students to make a lot of choices and decisions for themselves.
Description: The Parents with Disabilities Toolkit provides a summary of disability laws that protect families’ rights. Inside of the toolkit, you will find information on topics like adoption, custody, visitation, family law, and the child welfare system. We have also shared parts of NCD’s report, Rocking the Cradle, with stories from parents who have been treated unfairly because of their disabilities. Knowledge is power, and helping people understand this issue is very important. Through this...
Description: In a new feature on its ADA.gov website, the Department of Justice (DOJ) provides information and resources on accessible technology. Topics covered include enforcement, technical assistance and guidance, regulations, and technology initiatives. ADA.gov is the DOJ Civil Rights Division’s site for technical assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act. Enforcement The Department's ADA enforcement efforts have helped to ensure that people with disabilities can access Web sites,...
Description: If your child has an Individualized Education Program (IEP), IDEA guarantees your some important rights. The right to: Participate in IEP Meetings, An Independent Evaluation, Give (or Deny) Consent, Contest a School's Decision, and Private Education Paid by the Public School (in specific circumstances).
Description: If your child doesn’t qualify for an Individualized Education Program (IEP), she may still be able to get help through a 504 plan. This graphic presented shows important rights under a 504 plan: Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), Accommodations and Modifications, Instruction and Services, Notice, and Challenge a School's Decision.  
Description: On December 10, 2015, President Obama signed the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA), which reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) and replaces the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB).  ESSA contains several provisions which impact “highly qualified teacher” (HQT) requirements beginning with the 2016-2017 school year. The terms “highly qualified teacher” and “highly qualified paraprofessional” will be eliminated...
Description: On December 10, 2015, President Obama signed the bipartisan Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). The ESSA builds upon the critical work States and local educational agencies (LEAs) have implemented over the last few years. The reauthorized law prioritizes excellence and equity for our students and supports great educators. The Secretary is offering guidance on transitioning from the ESEA, as amended by the No Child Left...
Description: Coordination between education for homeless children and youth (EHCY) programs, which implement the McKinney-Vento Act, and special education programs, which implement IDEA, is key to ensure that homeless children and youth with disabilities receive the full range of services to meet their complex needs. Yet, many school districts or local educational agencies (LEAs) struggle with aligning laws, policies, and practices across programs to best meet the needs of these students. This brief offers...
Description: If you and your family are experiencing homelessness, you may be struggling to enroll and keep your children in school. If you have a child with special needs, you may have even more challenges to make sure your child receives the help she needs. Here are some concerns that parents often have: • not knowing who to talk to about their child’s needs;• not knowing if their child’s problems in school are caused by a disability or by the stress of being homeless;• not being...
Description: The Obama Administration is praising action by the House of Representatives to pass the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), a bipartisan bill to fix No Child Left Behind, and is calling on the Senate to take swift action on the legislation so that it can be signed into law before the end of the year. The bill rejects the overuse of standardized tests and one-size-fits-all mandates on our schools, ensures that our education system will prepare every child to graduate from high school ready for...
Description: The goal of the Curb Cuts to the Middle Class Initiative – a federal cross agency initiative – is to coordinate and leverage existing resources to increase employment opportunities for people with disabilities. This resource guide is an example of federal agencies working together to ensure employers have the tools and resources they need to recruit, hire, retain, and promote people with disabilities.
Description: The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) is pleased to provide English speakers with quick access to the wealth of information in Spanish on this website. For those of you who don’t speak Spanish, use this page to easily find and share important info in Spanish with the Spanish speakers you serve. Each item in the list below starts with the topic in English (which is linked to info in English on that topic). This is followed by the title of the page in Spanish that offers the...
Description: Información en español en este sitio, Nos complacemos en facilitar su acceso rápido a nuestra información en español a través de esta lista alfabética organizada por Tema de Discapacidad.
Description: This includes the top 10 fact parents, educators and students need to know, including #1 "The facts - Students with disabilities are much more likely to be bullied than their nondisabiled peers" and #2 "Bullying affects a student's ability to learn."
Description: This guidance, issued on October 21, 2014 by the Office for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Education, addresses the bullying of students with disabilities. The guidance is in the form of a letter to educators detailing public schools’ responsibilities under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and Title II of Americans with Disabilities Act regarding the bullying of students with disabilities.
Description: The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) is required to monitor the implementation of Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), (34 CFR 300.600(b)). The IDEA establishes requirements for state monitoring, enforcement, and annual reporting, and requires that the primary focus of monitoring be on: (1.) Improving educational results and functional outcomes for all children with disabilities; and (2.) Ensuring that public agencies meet the program requirements under this...
Description: Early intervention services are designed to address the developmental needs of eligible infants and toddlers with disabilities, ages birth to the third birthday, and their families. Early intervention is authorized by Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Description: In drafting the provisions of IDEA, our nation’s special education law, Congress clearly contemplated that, at times, there would be disagreements between parents of children with disabilities and the school districts providing special education and related services to their children. While it is expected that parents and school personnel will work in partnership to ensure children with disabilities are provided appropriate services, there are times when the child’s parents and...
Description: If you’re looking for information about disabilities in infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities, you’ve come to the right place! The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) offers information and connections to the full spectrum of disabilities in children, including developmental delays and rare disorders. Use the links below to learn about typical developmental milestones in childhood, specific disabilities and disorders, and the...
Description: Since the 1960s, there has been a virtual avalanche of federal legislation that relates directly or indirectly to individuals with disabilities, particularly children and youth. These form the core of current protection against discrimination and current guarantees of equal educational opportunity that individuals with disabilities have in our nation.
Description: Welcome to the alphabet soup of special education! The disability community is full of acronyms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it’s important to know what those acronyms stand for. Acronyms are used in order to abbreviate names or phrases. The CPIR is pleased to provide this list of special education and disability-related acronyms, and hope it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal acronyms in the field.
Description: This guidance document is intended to assist local education agency (LEA) personnel as they work to address the needs of their students who have been identified as, or are suspected to be, students with disabilities in Virginia. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE, Office of Dispute Resolution and Administrative Services)
Description: Read This Publication If You Want to Know… How to have your child evaluated (at no cost to you) to see why he or she is having difficulty in school What the evaluation process involves and how you can contribute to it How special education can support your child’s learning, if he or she is found eligible for services How your child’s eligibility is determined and your right to participate in making that decision What happens next, if your child is found eligible...
Description: The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) serves as a central resource of information and products to the community of Parent Training Information (PTI) Centers and the Community Parent Resource Centers (CPRCs), so that they can focus their efforts on serving families of children with disabilities. (This website is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs.)
Description: The Office of Special Education Programs (OSERS) issued this Q&A document to provide parents, parent training and information centers, school personnel, state educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), advocacy organizations, and other interested parties with information to facilitate appropriate implementation of the IDEA dispute resolution procedures, including mediation, state complaint procedures, and due process complaint and due process hearing procedures.
Description: "Your Family's Special Education Rights" identifies key parts of the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004” (IDEA), a federal law governing the education of students with disabilities. IDEA 2004 requires that families be informed of their special education rights, including how families and schools can resolve problems. This document is available in Arabic (PDF), Chinese (PDF), English (PDF), Urdu (PDF), Farsi (PDF), Korean (PDF), Spanish (PDF), and...
Description: The Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center is funded by the Office of Special Education Programs to improve state early intervention and early childhood special education service systems, increase the implementation of effective practices, and enhance the outcomes of these programs for young children and their families.
Description: Welcome to the U.S. Department of Education’s Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) website, which brings together IDEA information and resources from the Department and our grantees. Whether you are a student, parent, educator, service provider, or grantee, you are here because you care about children with disabilities and their families and want to find information and explore resources on infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities.
Description: This website offers "one-stop-shopping" for links to legislation, Federal Register Notices, Policy Guidance, and Grant Applications for the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (the Elementary and Secondary Education Act or ESEA).
Description: The Autism Speaks 100 Day Kit for Newly Diagnosed Families of Young Children was created specifically for families of children ages 4 and under to make the best possible use of the 100 days following their child's diagnosis of autism.