Instructional and Environmental Strategies for All Learners - Problems with Following Directions
- Have the student verbalize written directions. By doing this, you will detect early errors or misunderstandings.
- Provide example of completed item.
- Model or demonstrate each step. Have students check off each step as it is completed.
- Provide only one portion of the assignment at a time.
- Divide longer orally assigned tasks into shorter ones.
- Face the child and speak slowly and distinctly.
- Provide visual reinforcement as often as possible when you speak to the class.
- Provide an outline of your lectures; use graphs and tables to reinforce concepts.
- Provide practice in noticing, describing, and comparing details.
- Check frequently that the student is following directions.
- Have students repeat or re-explain directions.
- Provide visual displays - flowcharts, webs, pictorials, pre-reading questions, and keyword note-taking organizers to help students listen and follow directions.
- Use a buddy system to clarify directions.
- Use cooperative learning activities (i.e. 3 before Me).
- Use mnemonic aids to signal steps (i.e. Does McDonalds Sell Cheese Burgers - divide, multiply, subtract, check, bring down).
- Teach students to highlight operational signs.
- Provide visual cues and reinforcement as often as possible in lecture classes.
- Very gradually help the student learn to take orally presented notes.
- Give the student extra time to respond to oral questions.
- Have the student look at you when you speak.
- Present the key points of a lecture at the beginning of your talk, then summarize.
- Have students write down each step of a problem and check off as they complete it.
Math VIDS - http://www.coedu.usf.edu/main/departments/sped/ mathvids/index.html
Adapting Mathematics Instruction in the General Education Classroom for Students with Mathematics Disabilities - http://www.ldonline.org/article/ 5928
Learning Disabilities and Assistive Technology - http://www.gatfl.org/LearningDisabilitiesGuide/tabid/456/Default.aspx
Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative Assistive Technology - http://www.wati.org/
Elementary Math Chart - http://http://www.wati.org/content/ supports/materials/reading/pdf/Math_Chart_elem.pdf
Middle School Math Chart - http://www.wati.org/content/supports/ materials/reading/pdf/Math_Chart_Mid_Sec.pdf