Instructional and Environmental Strategies for All Learners - Problems with Memory/Recall

Problems with Memory/Recall
  • Provide multiple opportunities for practice in different formats. 
  • Use flashcards for individual or group review.
  • Use songs, rhymes, or rhythms to help remember information.
  • Chunk pieces of information together. (For example have students learn the number facts in sets of three). 
  • Use acronyms to remember words or phrases. 
  • Use mnemonics like "Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally" (order of operations) to remember sequenced steps. 
  • Help students remember items of a list by visualizing that each is "located" at a different place in a familiar room (for instance to remember 3 shapes that are quadrilaterals, a student might visualize a square on the bed, a rectangle on the dresser, and a parallelogram on the desk). 
  • Use semantic maps and diagrams to help students remember the connections between concepts. 
  • Re-teach item of information as often as possible, varying the approach a little each time. 
  • Maximize the student's potential for success by providing a balance of visual and auditory stimuli in your teaching. 
  • Teach students to use self-questioning techniques. 
  • Play memory games. 
  • Provide the student with a written out schedule of classroom routines and timelines. 
  • Allow the student to trace over geometric shapes and other important visual patterns during visually presented lessons.
Additional Links and Resources:

Math VIDS - http://www.coedu.usf.edu/main/departments/sped/ mathvids/index.html 
Adapting Mathematics Instruction in the General Education Classroom for Students with Mathematics Disabilities - http://www.ldonline.org/article/ 5928
Learning Disabilities and Assistive Technology - http://www.gatfl.org/LearningDisabilitiesGuide/tabid/456/Default.aspx 
Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative Assistive Technology - http://www.wati.org/ 
Elementary Math Chart - http://http://www.wati.org/content/ supports/materials/reading/pdf/Math_Chart_elem.pdf 
Middle School Math Chart - http://www.wati.org/content/supports/ materials/reading/pdf/Math_Chart_Mid_Sec.pdf