Instructional and Environmental Strategies for All Learners - Problems with Understanding/Comprehension

Problems with Understanding/Comprehension
  • Teach the meaning of key vocabulary words. 
  • Provide an example of a correctly solved problem at the beginning of the lesson.
  • Provide visual cues to help students who may have difficulty visualizing shapes, dimensions and sizes. 
  • Have students verbally or visually explain how to solve a math problem. 
  • Provide students with a strategy to use for solving word problems. 
  • Introduce only one concept at a time and teach to mastery. 
  • Provide many practice opportunities and include problem solving, reasoning, and real-life application to help with transfer of information. 
  • Teach students how the textbook is organized and the format for each page or section. 
  • Used taped textbooks. 
  • Have students "talk aloud" as they complete problems.
  • Model and teach metacognitive strategies (Model and verbalize procedure, guide students through verbalization of problem computation, monitor student verbalizations as they complete procedure, periodic reviews provided). 
  • Use cooperative learning techniques such as "jigsaw" or "think-pair-share". 
  • Teach in small chunks so students get lots of practice with one step at a time. 
  • Provide learning aids such as calculators to help students focus on conceptual understanding. 
  • Use estimation throughout the day and have students estimate a reasonable solution prior to starting any computation.
  • Teach facts in families. 
  • Demonstrate all concepts with manipulatives.
Additional Links and Resources:

Math VIDS - mathvids/index.html 
Adapting Mathematics Instruction in the General Education Classroom for Students with Mathematics Disabilities - 5928
Learning Disabilities and Assistive Technology - 
Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative Assistive Technology - 
Elementary Math Chart - http:// supports/materials/reading/pdf/Math_Chart_elem.pdf 
Middle School Math Chart - materials/reading/pdf/Math_Chart_Mid_Sec.pdf