Special Education Process
These entries present specific resources that address the components of the Special Education Process.Skip to search results
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Description: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. This law applies to public elementary and secondary schools, among other entities. (parent, parents)
Description: When a child receives special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), he or she must have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). This is a written document listing, among other things, the special educational services that the child will receive. The IEP is developed by a team that includes the child's parents and school staff. (National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities- NICHCY)
Description: Evaluation is an essential beginning step in the special education process for a child with a disability. Before a child can receive special education and related services for the first time, a full and individual initial evaluation of the child must be conducted to see if the child has a disability and is eligible for special education. Informed parent consent must be obtained before this evaluation may be conducted.
Description: A neutral, impartial, trained mediator may be sought voluntarily by parents and school staff to assist in their negotiations with each other. That assistance to convene and conduct a meeting to clarify issues, focus on the needs of a child, and to explore and evaluate possible solutions in a confidential setting is mediation. Mediators are trained neutrals, skilled in helping people to hear and understand each other and to work jointly to find solutions to difficult issues in special education....
Description: The Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE) works to increase the nation’s capacity to effectively resolve special education disputes, reducing the use of expensive adversarial processes. CADRE works with state and local education and early intervention systems, parent centers, families and educators to improve programs and results for children with disabilities. CADRE is funded by the Office of Special Education Programs at the US Department of Education to...
Description: SMALL STEPS: A Parent-Infant Education Program for Families Raising Children who are Deaf,Hard-of-Hearing, Blind, Low Vision and DeafBlind...honoring the small steps that promote happy families... FREE services offered through The Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind
Description: This NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet 13 contain: Julian’s story, Visual impairments in children, Types of visual impairment, Signs of a visual impairment, How common are visual impairments?, Understanding how children with VIs learn, The help available under IDEA, How IDEA defines visual impairment, Working with the medical community, Adapting the environment, Educational considerations, Tips for teachers, Tips for parents, and Resources or more info.
Description: This Parent Advocacy Brief will help you understand the changes brought about by the ADAAA, how they apply to Section 504, and how these changes may impact children with disabilities, including learning disabilities, as well as other conditions such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD), Aspergers Syndrome, diabetes, asthma,and life-threatening food allergies.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the key federal education law that serves students with LD. Being informed will help you support your child’s learning needs and advocate for his or her success.
Description: This publication was developed to help parents understand their rights and responsibilities, their child's rights and the school's responsibilities to meet the special needs of their child. The guide includes a description of the special education process and what is required of you and the school during each step of that process. Important timelines are highlighted in each section. (Families, family)
Description: The focus of SpecialQuest Birth–Five is on inclusion for children with disabilities ages birth through five (pre-kindergarten) and their families, particularly those in Head Start* along with Child Care, Early Intervention/Part C, Early Childhood Special Education/619, family support, and other related programs. (parent, parents)
Description: NPDCI has developed a document, Research Synthesis Points on Quality Inclusive Practices that provides brief descriptions and supporting references for the evidence-based and promising practices that support early childhood inclusion. These practices are organized into three major sections corresponding to the defining features of high quality early childhood inclusion as described in Early Childhood inclusion: A Joint Position Statement of the Division for Early Childhood (DEC) and the National...
Description: The role of the ombudsman is an informal one in which there is a focus on listening and providing information and a discussion of issues and options, as well as referral to other services including mediation. Part of the function of the ombudsman is to encourage the parties to resolve issues at the lowest level in an organization through appropriate dispute resolution processes, by formal and informal means.
Description: The Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center is funded by the Office of Special Education Programs to improve state early intervention and early childhood special education service systems, increase the implementation of effective practices, and enhance the outcomes of these programs for young children and their families.
Description: Parents play an important role in the education of their children, especially parents of children who are identified as having disabilities. The law requires that parents and school personnel work together to provide children with appropriate educational services.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law ensuring services to children with disabilities throughout the nation. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities.
Description: This website offers "one-stop-shopping" for links to legislation, Federal Register Notices, Policy Guidance, and Grant Applications for the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (the Elementary and Secondary Education Act or ESEA).
Description: The WATI website provides the resource manual for Assessing Student's Needs for Assistive Technology (ASNA): the complete version and by individual chapters. The WATI Student Information Guide Process Forms (AT for Seating, Positioning and Mobility, AT for Communication, AT for Computer Access, AT for Motor Aspects of Writing, AT for Composition of Written Material, AT for Reading, AT for Mathematics, AT for Organization, AT for Recreation and Leisure, AT for Blind / Low Vision, AT for Deaf /...
Description: The mission of GPAT is to improve student achievement, productivity, independence and inclusion by enhancing educator knowledge of assistive technology and increasing student access to appropriate assistive technology devices and services.
Description: Assistive technology enables students with disabilities to access the curriculum, increase independence and participate actively in education and life activities. Thank you for visiting our site today and we hope you find the resources you need to successfully include technology devices and services for your schools.
Description: The Glossary includes over 200 education- and disability-related terms translated from English to Spanish to ensure that educational terms related to IDEA are translated in a uniform and comprehensible way. (With proper citation, the Glossary can be reproduced in whole or part.)
Description: This is the Individualized Family Service Plan (ISFP) form the Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia that was revised 6/2012.
Description: The Virginia Accessible Instructional Materials Center (AIM-VA) renewed the statewide license of Read:OutLoud, an accessible eBook and web reader for students with IEPs or 504 Plans. The AIM-VA Read:OutLoud license is now upgraded to a no-term license (no expiration), meaning that you will be able to use Read:OutLoud (version 6) on a continual basis. There will be no annual renewal fees.
Description: This training package has been developed collaboratively with staff from the ECTA Center and WRRC in response to the need expressed from state and local providers to have specific information and resources about developing Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) outcomes and Individualized Education Plan (IEP) goals. First introduced in September 2012, this revised training package includes: an introductory video; a set of six fully scripted PowerPoint presentations; handouts, activities and...
Description: A 20-minute video featuring Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS), highlights some of the major changes to the regulations. These final regulations will help improve services and outcomes for America's infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families.
Description: This site was created to provide a "one-stop shop" for resources related to Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and its implementing regulations, announced on September 6, 2011.
Description: Inclusive design, design for all, digital inclusion, universal usability, and similar efforts address a broad range of issues in making technology available to and usable by all people whatever their abilities, age, economic situation, education, geographic location, language, etc. Accessibility focuses on people with disabilities — people with auditory, cognitive, neurological, physical, speech, and visual impairments.
Description: El Manual de 100 Días de Autism Speaks fue diseñado exclusivamente para familias que han sido recientemente evaluadas. family/parent/parents, General Autism)
Description: The Autism Speaks 100 Day Kit for Newly Diagnosed Families of Young Children was created specifically for families of children ages 4 and under to make the best possible use of the 100 days following their child's diagnosis of autism.
Description: The primary purpose of the DCDT Fact Sheets are to disseminate information to the field related to key topics in secondary transition. Currently, the DCDT Fact Sheets focus on a number of topics, including evidence-based predictors of post-school success for youth with disabilities, transition planning and assessment, transition specialist competencies, and recommendations for research in secondary transition. The Fact Sheets related to the evidence-based predictors have been developed to...
Description: The purpose of this brief (from the National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials) is to help families and educators understand the right of all students with disabilities who need accessible instructional materials to receive these materials in a timely manner. This right is based on provisions in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as well as in the disability civil rights statutes Section 504 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Description: This is a resource, for state legislators, teachers, parents, or others interested in education, that defines and clarifies the definitions of acronyms routinely found in legislative and policy discussions. (parent)
Description: "Transition to adulthood" is a complex and ongoing process that starts as soon as a child is born and continues as the child becomes an adolescent, to early adult life and then through the stages of adulthood. While this process is complicated at best for any person, the individual with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) faces unique challenges that require specialized considerations. This set of guides will help the user understand these challenges and raise awareness of these important...
Description: Virginia’s PRCs are committed to facilitating positive parent-school relationships for the benefit of students. PRCs assist parents with questions, problem solving and planning, and provide resources, information and training sessions.
Description: March 2011- English Skills Worksheets and Sample Student Resources have been updated for English. A standards-based IEP describes a process in which the IEP team has incorporated state content standards in its development. The IEP is directly linked to and framed by Virginia’s course content Standards of Learning (SOL) for the grade in which the student is enrolled or will be enrolled. The components are the same as the traditional IEP. It should be noted that in a standards-based IEP, the...
Description: Early literacy screening is the key to providing effective literacy instruction and preventing future reading problems. The Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) provides a comprehensive assessment of young children’s knowledge of the important literacy fundamentals that are predictive of future reading success. PALS is the state-provided screening tool for Virginia’s Early Intervention Reading Initiative (EIRI) and is used by 99% of school divisions in the state on a...
Description: The Secretary issues final regulations governing the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities. These regulations are needed to reflect changes made to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (Act or IDEA). These regulations are effective on October 28, 2011.
Description: The IDEA Partnership is dedicated to improving outcomes for students and youth with disabilities by joining state agencies and stakeholders through shared work and learning. (National Organizations)
Description: The mission of the TRACE Center is to prevent the barriers and capitalize on the opportunities presented by current and emerging information and telecommunication technologies, in order to create a world that is as accessible and usable as possible for as many people as possible. (National Organizations)
Description: The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) in the U.S. Department of Education (Department) has received requests for clarification of some of these regulations. This is one of a series of question and answer (Q&A) documents prepared by OSERS to address some of the most important issues raised by requests for clarification on a variety of high-interest topics.
Description: This brief document offers suggestions for convening successful IEP meetings. It includes preparation tips for parents and educators.
Description: Every job seeker with a disability is faced with the same decision: "Should I or shouldn't I disclose my disability?" This decision may be framed differently depending upon whether you have a visible disability or a non-visible disability. Ultimately, the decision of whether to disclose is entirely up to you.
Description: The mission of the Virginia Assistive Technology System (VATS) is to ensure that Virginians of all ages and abilities can acquire the appropriate, affordable assistive and information technologies and services they need to participate in society as active citizens.
Description: The interactive GAP Learning Guide was developed to help teens and young adults with hearing loss to better enable and empower themselves as they make significant life transitions. GAP is the first guide of its kind that is interactive and combines the wide spectrum of resource materials used to support self-advocacy for young people with hearing impairment. This is one of the most comprehensive, state of the art resources on self-determination, technology, transition, and access to...
Description: This fact sheet (from The National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center- NECTAC) provides a brief overview of the Part C program and quick facts from the research on early brain development, the importance of intervening early, the benefits of early intervention, and current unmet needs. It is meant to be used as a tool to communicate with policymakers, pediatricians, families, and community leaders about the importance of high quality services for infants and toddlers with or at risk for...
Description: This PowerPoint presentation from the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) discusses the development of the Standards-based IEP. (A Standards‐based IEP describes a process in which the IEP team has incorporated state content standards in its development.)
Description: This a booklet designed to help parents of children who have been diagnosed with health or mental health care needs to learn about available resources and to develop a partnership with their children’s schools. It was developed by The HSC Foundation, in partnership with George Washington University’s Graduate School of Education and Human Development. (family/families)
Description: COACH is better than ever! Now with practical updates based on user feedback and a new streamlined format for easier use, the third edition of this bestselling guide can be the key to effective educational planning for students with intensive special education needs in inclusion-oriented schools.
Description: This InfoBrief explains how schools and families can supplement the required Individualized Education Program (IEP) by using an optional Individualized Learning Plan (ILP) as a tool to help youth successfully transition from high school to employment and postsecondary education. What is an Individualized Learning Plan? The Individualized Learning Plan is a strategic planning tool intended to help youth identify and achieve postsecondary goals. The ILP provides students with opportunities for...
Description: To help special educators and early interventionists in their monumental task of implementing the updated regulations, the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), its Division for Early Childhood (DEC) and the IDEA Infant Toddler Coordinators Association (ITCA) have released a side-by-side comparison of the 2011 final Part C regulations, published on Sept. 28, to Part C regulations from 1999.