Curriculum & Instructional StrategiesSkip to search results
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Description: Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is an approach to teaching, learning, curriculum development and assessment that uses new technologies to respond to a variety of individual learner differences. IDEA 2004 defines Universal design using the same definition as the Assistive Technology Act of 1998. (The Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center, ECTA)
Description: UD and UDL support access to early care and education environments through the removal of physical and structural barriers (UD) and the provision of multiple and varied formats for instruction and learning (UDL).
Description: This includes: Why Do It? (the evidence base), Read About It (books, chapters, and articles), See for Yourself (videos and demonstrations) and Find it Online (websites with additional resources).
Description: A framework for supporting all young learners is universal design. This framework calls for early educators to value from the beginning the importance of planning learning environments and activities for a diverse population-creating universally designed settings in which all children and their families can participate and learn. (UD, UDL)
Description: Find information about the benefits of promoting early literacy and early learning for children and what you can do about it in the Books Build Connections Toolkit. The toolkit has publications with information and tips for pediatric professionals and families. Encourage families to talk, read, and sing with their children! Toolkit items are available to print, download, or share via social media.
Description: Two children—Jason and Mylee—are seated on inflatable disc cushions. They use these cushions to help with stabilization, muscle control, and balance. The extra support helps them participate successfully in the group activity. Once the story is over, Ms. Teresa brings out a big brown “magic” bag and asks the children to guess what is inside. She shows a picture on the Smart Board of a firefighter driving a fire truck. “What does a firefighter drive?” she asks....
Description: Apps for Children with Special Needs (a4cwsn) is committed to helping the families and caretakers of children with special needs and the wider community of educators and therapists who support them, by producing videos that demonstrate how products designed to educate children and build their life skills really work from a user perspective. Our aim is that these videos, along with relevant information and advice from an independent source you can trust, provides valuable insight into whether a...
Description: The Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Toddler Initiative will expand on the work conducted by the National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders (NPDC-ASD) funded by the Office of Special Education Programs. The ASD Toddler Initiative will develop new materials and modify existing processes to support the use of evidence-based practices for young children (birth-3) and for their families.
Description: Play is vanishing from classrooms as teachers try to align their curriculum to meet new state standards. It’s time to look again at block building as an essential learning process which fosters and facilitates the learning and innovative skills children need to be successful in the future.
Description: If you’re concerned about the development of an infant or toddler, or you suspect that a little one has a disability, this page will summarize one terrific source of help—the early intervention system in your state. Early intervention services can help infants and toddlers with disabilities or delays to learn many key skills and catch up in their development.
Description: Games and activities are more than just fun for a preschooler — they also help with physical development and early learning. Find creative activities for your preschooler in areas such as arts and crafts, cooking, music and dance, and basic academic skills.
Description: Visual Aids for learning develops images to streamline and support learning; empowering people to participate and achieve success and independence. The aim of Visual Aids for Learning is to improve the independence and self esteem of all people with learning difficulties. The resources have been developed in consultation with teachers trained in early childhood, primary school, high school and speech therapy. Free Sequences and Free Packs (including Adolescent Boy and Adolescent Girl packs) are...
Description: Simple toys and tools can engage children as they explore natural phenomena in ways that will support their later science learning. Adults who allow children to play and work through small difficulties by themselves support children as they build an understanding of how the world works.
Description: This includes 10 tips for parents to support their child's science learning.
Description: Teachers can create opportunities for young children to expand their understandings of scientific concepts and science inquiry during play. (NAEYC)
Description: Aprendizaje PRÁCTICO en Casa (Hands-On Learning at Home), Inventario de Aptitudes Para la Resolución de Problemas en Casa (Home Inventory of Problem Solving Skills, Matriz de Comunicación Especial para Padres (the Communication Matrix Especially for Parents)
Description: When children are young, they learn by listening and talking with their parents, relatives, babysitters, and others. If you and your child are more comfortable with Spanish, then sing, talk, and read with your child in Spanish. This will build your child's speaking, listening, and understanding skills. These skills will later help him or her speak and read English.
Description: Los niños pequeños aprenden escuchando y hablando con sus padres, con sus familiares, con los encargados del cuidado infantil y con otras personas. Si usted y su niño se sienten más a gusto con el español, cante, converse y lea con su hijo en español. Así, se fortalecerán sus habilidades de hablar, escuchar y comprender. Estas habilidades le ayudarán más adelante a hablar y a leer en ingles.
Description: In some cases, a child’s developmental problems may be evident from birth. In other instances, it may take several months to realize that developmental milestones are not being met. Early intervention is the term used to describe services that reach a child early in his or her development, usually from birth through age three. Intervention is vital during this very early time because there a child learns and develops at the fastest rate during the first few years. It’s important not...
Description: En algunos casos, los problemas del desarrollo de un niño/a son evidentes desde el nacimiento. En otros, puede tardar varios meses darse cuenta de que los hitos del desarrollo no se están alcanzando. La intervención temprana es el término usado para describir servicios que se le dan al niño/a temprano en su desarrollo, generalmente desde el nacimiento hasta los 3 años. La intervención es vital durante esta primera etapa, ya que el niño/a...
Description: NICHCY was funded for decades by the Office of Special Education Programs, at the U.S. Department of Education. The project’s funding ended on September 30, 2014. Much of the rich library of materials and publications that NICHCY produced over the years has a new home at the Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR).
Description: Supporting Success is a ‘go-to’ site for professionals and family members seeking more information about hearing loss and what can be done to better support the future learning and social success of children with hearing loss. Only 1 in 100 students with IEPs are receiving services primarily for hearing loss! Hearing loss causes learning issues due to access barriers, not learning disorders. Professional Resource Topics Include: Amplification, Assessment, Early Childhood,...
Description: This resource (PDF) contains documents and websites (in English and Spanish) about Advocacy, Early Intervention, Special Education (2 through 21 years), Transition and Information on Specific Disabilities.
Description: The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) serves as a central resource of information and products to the community of Parent Training Information (PTI) Centers and the Community Parent Resource Centers (CPRCs), so that they can focus their efforts on serving families of children with disabilities. (This website is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs.)
Description: Your child is advancing from infancy toward and into the preschool years. During this time, his physical growth and motor development will slow, but you can expect to see some tremendous intellectual, social, and emotional changes.
Description: Su niño está avanzando de la infancia hacia sus años de prescolar. Durante este tiempo, su crecimiento físico y desarrollo motriz será más lento, pero puede esperar ver cambios extraordinarios a nivel intelectual, social, y emocional.
Description: This site contains information on Ages & Stages (Prenatal to Young Adult), Healthy Living, Safety & Prevention, Family Life, Health Issues, News, and Tips & Tools.
Description: HealthyChildren.org es el único sitio web sobre la crianza de los niños respaldada por 60.000 pediatras comprometidos al logro óptimo de la salud física, mental, social y el bienestar de los bebés, niños, adolescentes y adultos jóvenes.
Description: The Virginia Cross-Sector Professional Development Team (VCPD) promotes planning, implementation and evaluation of professional development (PD) with the intent to ensure coordination of all early childhood PD in Virginia.
Description: By specifying the knowledge, skills, and dispositions often acquired or exhibited in young children, the Milestones offer a comprehensive reference to consolidate our understanding of young children and what adults can do to support language, learning, and development in order to help reduce inequities in achievement as children mature. Further, the Milestones highlight the essential need for partnerships among families, early childhood programs and services, schools, and the community....
Description: Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! is a coordinated federal effort to encourage healthy child development, universal developmental and behavioral screening for children, and support for the families and providers who care for them.
Description: Serving students who are nonverbal is a challenge. It is necessary to provide these students with ways to communicate so that they can answer academic questions and participate in the social communication of the schools. Use of core vocabulary can help make this happen.
Description: This Social Policy Report from the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD)*, examines how to best support the development and learning of children who are multilingual, and offers recommendations for policy and practice.
Description: The VCU Autism Center for Excellence is committed to providing resources for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Resources consists of items which may be checked out from our extensive Lending Library as well as electronic materials you can download directly from our website. The electronic materials include fact sheets, peer reviewed journal articles, manuals, website links as well as other materials and information that expand the knowledge of ASD and facilitate implementation of...
Description: Parents who speak Spanish may use these products to provide their infants, toddlers, or preschoolers with fun and exciting literacy learning experiences. Practitioners working with parents who speak Spanish may also find these helpful.
Description: The early years of a child's life are very important for his or her health and development. Parents, health professionals, educators, and others can work together as partners to help children grow up to reach their full potential. The site includes Basics, Developmental Screening, Children's Mental Health, Free Materials, Positive Parenting Tips, Articles, Research and Mulimedia & Tools (Assessment)
Description: Todas materias no son disponibles en español. Trabajamos para desarrollar las versiones españolas de todas materias, pero actualmente todas materias disponibles en inglés no son disponibles en español.
Description: The Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning (CSEFEL) is focused on promoting the social emotional development and school readiness of young children birth to age 5. The Promoting Social and Emotional Competence training modules available on this site provide evidence-based practices for promoting children's social and emotional development and preventing challenging behaviors.
Description: One way to learn more about your young child’s progress is through three “child outcomes” that are measured for every child in the United States who participates in an early intervention or early childhood special education program. These outcomes will help you know how well your child is developing and participating in activities at home, at school, or in the community. In addition to helping you measure your child’s individual progress, these outcomes are also used to...
Description: This practice guide provides five recommendations for teaching math to children in preschool, prekindergarten, and kindergarten. Each recommendation includes implementation steps and solutions for common roadblocks. The recommendations also summarize and rate supporting evidence. This guide is geared toward teachers, administrators, and other educators who want to build a strong foundation for later math learning.
Description: The Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University has created an interactive online tool, Five Numbers to Remember About Early Childhood Development, which highlights five numbers that illustrate the importance of early childhood to learning, behavior, and health later in life. A "flip chart" PDF version of this tool is also available for downloading.
Description: The Best Evidence Encyclopedia (BEE) presents reliable, unbiased reviews of research-proven educational programs to help: POLICY MAKERS use evidence to make informed choices. PRINCIPALS choose proven programs to meet state standards. TEACHERS use the most powerful tools available. RESEARCHERS find rigorous evaluations of educational programs. ...because all children deserve the best in education.
Description: The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) reviews the existing research on different programs, products, practices, and policies in education. Our goal is to provide educators with the information they need to make evidence-based decisions. We focus on the results from high-quality research to answer the question “What works in education?” Topics include: Literacy, Mathematics, Science, Behavior, Children and Youth with Disabilities, English Learners, Teacher...
Description: 2013 conference presentations and materials are available for download from the conference program.
Description: This contains a listing of the reading products available from Don Johnston.
Description: The National Center on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness provides the Head Start community with research-based information, practices, and strategies to ensure optimal academic and social progress for linguistically and culturally diverse children and their families. (National Organization)
Description: The Orelena Hawks Puckett Institute has published seven new Everyday Child Language Tools on the Center on Everyday Child Language Learning (CECLL) website. These tools include the methods and procedures practitioners and parents can use to implement the CECLL model and practices. CECLL is a model demonstration center funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. The main goal of CECLL is to implement and evaluate an approach to early childhood communication...
Description: These 11 video clips and related learning guides provide an opportunity to enhance and support teacher practice in the area of literacy for students with significant disabilities.
Description: The purpose of this checklist is to help teachers and parents design environments, materials, and interactions that will promote optimal motivation and engagement in learning. Each section correlates with Virginia’s Foundation Blocks for Early Learning and provides strategies for adults to use that will create the highest quality preschool experiences for each child. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: The purpose of the Preschool Curriculum Review Rubric is to help early childhood educators identify and choose curricula that are based on scientific research and that align with Virginia’s Foundation Blocks for Early Learning. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)