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Description: The term multiple disabilities is general and broad. From the term, you can’t tell: how many disabilities a child has; which disabilities are involved; or how severe each disability is. Many combinations of disabilities are possible. For example, one child with multiple disabilities may have an intellectual disability and deafness. Another child may have cerebral palsy and autism.
Description: This guidebook presents what you need to know before your child's third birthday. It was developed in Minnesota and is based on federal and state guidelines, but may contain some information that differs from the transition process from Part C to Part B in Virginia.
Description: Guía Informativa de Niñez Temprana en Transición, Lo que usted necesita saber antes del tercer cumpleaños de su niño. It was developed in Minnesota and is based on federal and state guidelines, but may contain some information that differs from the transition process from Part C to Part B in Virginia.
Description: The Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia includes rights and safeguards to protect parents and children. Parents must be informed about these rights and safeguards in the Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia so that they can have a leadership role in the services provided to their family. Notice of Child and Family Rights and Safeguards is an official notice of the rights and safeguards of children and families as defined under federal Part C regulations of the Individuals with...
Description: La Ley para la educación de los individuos con discapacidades (IDEA, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) es una ley federal que establece la prestación de servicios de intervención temprana para los be bés y niños pequeños (de 0 a 36 meses) con scapacidades y sus familias. Estas disposiciones conforman la Parte C de la IDEA y se articulan en reglamentaciones federale (34 CFR Parte 303) y en el derecho estatal (Código del Estado de...
Description: These resources were compiled by the Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center (PEATC).
Description: Educación Especial Nacional y Estatal
Description: Este libro está escrito para ayudar a las familias a entender el sistema de intervención temprana, así como los derechos y las salvaguardas (o protección) que existen para garantizar que las familias participen en las decisiones que se tomen con relación a los servicios de intervención temprana de sus hijos.
Description: This document was written to help families understand the early intervention system and the rights and safeguards (or protections) that have been put in place to ensure that families are involved in decisions that are being made concerning their child’s early intervention services.
Description: Read This Publication If You Want to Know… How to have your child evaluated (at no cost to you) to see why he or she is having difficulty in school What the evaluation process involves and how you can contribute to it How special education can support your child’s learning, if he or she is found eligible for services How your child’s eligibility is determined and your right to participate in making that decision What happens next, if your child is found eligible...
Description: When a child is having trouble in school, it’s important to find out why. The child may have a disability. By law, schools must provide special help to eligible children with disabilities. This help is called special education and related services. There’s a lot to know about the process by which children are identified as having a disability and in need of special education and related services. This section of CPIR’s website is devoted to helping you learn about that process....
Description: Special education is full of terms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it’s important to know what those terms mean. NICHCY is pleased to provide this handy reference to special education terminology, and hopes it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal words and phrases in the field.
Description: NICHCY was funded for decades by the Office of Special Education Programs, at the U.S. Department of Education. The project’s funding ended on September 30, 2014. Much of the rich library of materials and publications that NICHCY produced over the years has a new home at the Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR).
Description: Life is full of transitions, and one of the more remarkable ones occurs when we get ready to leave high school and go out in the world as young adults. When the student has a disability, it's especially helpful to plan ahead for that transition. In fact, IDEA requires it.
Description: The federal regulations for IDEA 2004 include a section (Subpart E) called Procedural Safeguards. These safeguards are designed to protect the rights of parents and their child with a disability and, at the same time, give families and school systems several mechanisms by which to resolve their disputes.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) lists five special factors that the IEP team must consider in the development, review, and revision of each child’s IEP. The discussion below will highlight the importance of these special factors in the education of children with disabilities and the need for individualized consideration of these factors in IEP development and revision. The special factors are: Behavior, Limited English proficiency, Blindness or visual impairment,...
Description: Looking for information, resources, and technical assistance (TA) to help you and others support children with disabilities in their least restrictive environment in school? Here’s a starter list of places to look online. These will surely lead you to more.
Description: For many students with disabilities—and for many without—the key to success in the classroom lies in having appropriate adaptations, accommodations, and modifications made to the instruction and other classroom activities. Some adaptations are as simple as moving a distractible student to the front of the class or away from the pencil sharpener or the window. Other modifications may involve changing the way that material is presented or the way that students respond to show their...
Description: The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) serves as a central resource of information and products to the community of Parent Training Information (PTI) Centers and the Community Parent Resource Centers (CPRCs), so that they can focus their efforts on serving families of children with disabilities. (This website is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs.)
Description: This document contains the following sections: Overview, Public Perceptions of LD, LD in the Schools, LD Beyond School, Emerging Issues, Conclusions and Appendices.
Description: Credit accommodations for students with disabilities pursuing a Standard Diploma include augmenting the Personal Living and Finances course (state course code 3120) by including the 21 Workplace Readiness Skills (WRS) for the Commonwealth. Students with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) and 504 Plans will have the opportunity to use the revised course to meet the Economics and Personal Finance graduation requirement if the student has earned at least three (3) standard credits in history...
Description: Autism NOW: The National Autism Resource and Information Center will be a dynamic and interactive, highly visible and effective central point of quality resources and information for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other developmental disabilities, their families, and other targeted key stakeholders.
Description: Autism NOW Center’s fact sheets on topics of importance to people with autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities are a resource you and your family members, as well as educators, employers, physicians and others, can use to get information in an easy-to-read and understand format. Topics include: Employment, Future Planning, Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), Relationships and Sexuality, Self-Advocacy and Social Security. (Spanish: Empleo, Planear el Futuro,...
Description: This section includes information on: Accommodations Assessment Assistive Technology Behavior and Discipline Child Find Critical Area Self-Assessment Questions Disability Specific Documents Educational Interpreters English Language Learners Extended School Year Services Funding and Grants Health Guidance IEP Inclusion Resources Instruction Paraprofessional Prior Written Notice Parent Involvement Section 504 Resources Secondary Transition Services
Description: The Brain Injury Association of Virginia have updated this guide for educators that includes the following sections: Brain Injury 101, The Student with TBI: AN Overview, Educational Implications, Transition, Family and Special Education.
Description: This guidelines document is designed to be a resource for teachers and administrators as they address the educational needs of students with a Specific Learning Disability (SLD) in Virginia. Parents of children with SLD may find this document useful as well. These guidelines offer an overview of best practices for educating individuals with SLD and should be used in conjunction with the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE)Regulations Governing Special Education Program for Children with...
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that addresses the education of children with disabilities. This publication includes information that explains the provisions related to, and benefits available to, children with disabilities who are enrolled by their parents in private schools.
Description: Generations United, with the support of the CVS Caremark Charitable Trust, developed Grand Resources: A Grandparent’s and Other Relative’s Guide to Raising Children with Disabilities to equip the caregivers, including those that provide full and part time care to relative children, with the national resources they need to help their children thrive, now and in the future. In addition to the guide, Generations United has developed a resource directory that serves as a companion piece...
Description: This brochure discusses Free Appropriate Public Education, Appropriate Evaluation, Individualized Education Program (IEP) and Least Restrictive Environment.
Description: This brochure covers: "What is Self-Determination? and How can I help my child become more self-determined?" (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: This brochure is for elementary and secondary students. It covers what you should do: Before the meeting, During the meeting and After the meeting. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: The following is a list of frequently asked questions and corresponding answers regarding the implementation of credit accommodations for students with disabilities. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: The Office of Special Education Programs (OSERS) issued this Q&A document to provide parents, parent training and information centers, school personnel, state educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), advocacy organizations, and other interested parties with information to facilitate appropriate implementation of the IDEA dispute resolution procedures, including mediation, state complaint procedures, and due process complaint and due process hearing procedures.
Description: Credit accommodations provide alternatives for students with disabilities in earning the standard and verified credits required to graduate with a Standard Diploma. Credit accommodations for students with disabilities may include: Alternative courses to meet the standard credit requirements Modifications to the requirements for locally awarded verified credits Additional tests approved by the Board of Education for earning verified credits Adjusted cut scores on tests for earning verified...
Description: This manual will assist school personnel in understanding how a brain injury can best be recognized and served. It includes five chapters on: 1) basic normal neuroanatomy, 2) tasks mastered during normal development and how a brain injury can disrupt development at any point, 3) 16 domains (or skills) most commonly disrupted following a brain injury, 4) social/emotional competency and 5) the federal definition of TBI and its implications on formalized services (504 Plans),...
Description: To encourage more students to work toward a selected industry credential or state license while pursuing a high school diploma, the Path to Industry Certification: High School Industry Credentialing program was developed. Students who earn a credential by passing a certification or licensure examination may earn up to two student-selected verified credits to meet graduation requirements.
Description: This assessment is 100-Item Multiple-Choice, 60-Minute Timed Test (The assessment must be completed in one, 60-minute sitting unless a school emergency interrupts the testing period.) Standard of Mastery: 75%
Description: To graduate with a Standard Diploma, a student must earn at least 22 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives, and earn at least six verified credits by passing end-of-course SOL tests or other assessments approved by the Board of Education. Beginning with students entering ninth grade for the first time in 2013-2014, a student must also: Earn a board-approved career and technical education credential to graduate with a Standard Diploma; and Successfully complete one...
Description: For Virginia's special education students, diploma options are changing. The Modified Standard diploma is no longer an option for students entering the ninth grade (or younger) in the 2013-2014 school year.
Description: The Board of Education has approved a number of substitute tests that students may take to earn verified credits toward graduation.
Description: In February 1998, the Virginia Board of Education approved certain courses that would satisfy the mathematics, science, and history and social science course requirements for the Standard and Advanced Studies Diplomas.
Description: This section of the VDOE website answers frequently asked questions about earning a Virginia high school diploma.
Description: Students with disabilities must have an equal chance to take part in sports, counseling, clubs, health services, student jobs, transportation, and other school activities. (National Parent Technical Assistance Center)
Description: Matrix Packets Getting Organized — School Age Individual Education Plans (IEP) Understanding Your Child's IEP IEP Tool Kit: Annual/Triennial Review IEP Tool Kit: Educational Benefit Review Resolving Disagreements In Spanish Organizándose - Años Escolares de Su Hijo Plan de Educación Individual (IEP) Herramientas para el IEP Matrix Help! Sheets (Downloads in both English and Spanish) Materials of Other Organizations Websites
Description: This document summarizes practical insights and promising practices for IEP/IFSP facilitation, collected from a broad review of facilitation and special education literature. (The National Center on Dispute Resolution in Special Education, CADRE)
Description: This document, Supporting the Identification and Achievement of the Twice-Exceptional Student, developed by the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE), provides parents, educators, and students with answers to some questions concerning the identification process and instruction of students with dual exceptionalities.
Description: The U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights has issued guidance clarifying school districts' existing legal obligations to provide equal access to extracurricular athletic activities to students with disabilities. In addition to explaining a school's legal obligations, the guidance urges school districts to work with community organizations to increase athletic opportunities for students with disabilities, such as opportunities outside of the existing extracurricular athletic...
Description: Informal Assessments for Transition Planning, Second Edition, is an assessment resource that school-based personnel can use to determine or confirm transition strengths, preferences, interests, and needs for appropriate Transition Planning in the IEP.(Transition Assessments)
Description: Questions and Answers in Follow up to 2007 Spring/Summer Transition Workshops, Virginia Department of Education and Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia, Updated March 2009
Description: The statement that “knowledge is power” is especially true for parents who want to be effective advocates for their children with disabilities. To make sure parents have the information they need most, PACER conducted a survey, and nearly a thousand people responded. Given a list of choices, parents of children from each age group indicated their top three concerns. This PACER Action Sheet provides a selection of helpful information to address each topic from a variety of national and statewide...