Disability Related Information (Characteristics)
These pages provide information and resources on a wide range of disabilities and medical conditions.Skip to search results
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Description: Spina bifida is one of the most common birth defects in the United States, affecting some 1,5physic00 babies each year. 2 Spina bifida happens during the first month or so of pregnancy and means that the baby’s spine did not close completely. Damage to the nerves and the spinal cord may result.
Description: This is a visual lecture called Concussions 101. The symptoms of a concussion can be tough to recognize, for kids in particular. Watch this video to learn the basics you need to know to make sure you take care of that awesome brain of yours, as much as you take care of the rest of your body.
Description: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. CDC is committed to continuing to provide essential data on ASD, search for factors that put children at risk for ASD and possible causes, and develop resources that help identify children with ASD as early as possible.
Description: Hearing loss can affect a child’s ability to develop communication, language, and social skills. The earlier children with hearing loss start getting services, the more likely they are to reach their full potential. If you are a parent and you suspect your child has hearing loss, trust your instincts and speak with your child’s doctor. Don’t wait!
Description: La pérdida auditiva puede afectar la capacidad del niño para desarrollar sus destrezas de comunicación, lenguaje y socialización. Cuanto más temprano se administren servicios a un niño con pérdida auditiva, mayor será la probabilidad de que alcance todo su potencial. Si usted es padre de familia y cree que su hijo tiene pérdida auditiva, siga sus instintos y hable con
Description: A developmental delay is when your child does not reach these milestones at the same time as other children the same age. If your child is not developing properly, there are things you can do that may help. Most of the time, a developmental problem is not something your child will “grow out of” on his or her own. But with help, your child could reach his or her full potential! English and Spanish versions are on the same document.
Description: Deciding if a child has ADHD is a several-step process. There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, and many other problems, like anxiety, depression, and certain types of learning disabilities, can have similar symptoms.
Description: The term multiple disabilities is general and broad. From the term, you can’t tell: how many disabilities a child has; which disabilities are involved; or how severe each disability is. Many combinations of disabilities are possible. For example, one child with multiple disabilities may have an intellectual disability and deafness. Another child may have cerebral palsy and autism.
Description: Has a child’s disability recently touched your life? Are you visiting our website today looking for information about that disability? Would you like to find organizations and people that can help address the disability-related questions and concerns you may have? We’re very pleased you’re here, because the CPIR has a great deal of information about disabilities to share. We hope this page will: give you a quick roadmap to the disability world of help that’s available in...
Description: Los trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) son un grupo de discapacidades del desarrollo que pueden conllevar problemas significativos de tipo social, comunicativo y conductual. Los CDC calculan que 1 de cada 88 niños ha sido identificado con un trastorno del espectro autista (TEA). Los CDC realizan estudios para determinar cuántos niños tienen TEA, descubrir los factores de riesgo y aumentar el conocimiento sobre los signos de estos trastornos.
Description: These resources were compiled by the Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center (PEATC).
Description: Educación Especial Nacional y Estatal
Description: This guide addresses home and community-based services for people with disabilities. The Guide was prepared by the Endependence Center, Norfolk, VA.
Description: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (Tourette Syndrome or TS) is a neurological disorder which becomes evident in early childhood or adolescence. The first symptoms usually are involuntary movements (tics) of the face, arms, limbs or trunk. These tics are frequent, repetitive and rapid. The most common first symptom is a facial tic (eye blink, nose twitch, grimace), and is replaced or added to by other tics of the neck, trunk, and limbs. (National Organization)
Description: This site brings together the range of web-based content available through Perkins School for the Blind for teachers, families, and others interested in the education of children who are blind or visually impaired, including those with deafblindness or additional disabilities.
Description: Broadcast LIVE and for FREE, Perkins Training & Educational Resources Program introduces webinars, presented by experts in the field of visual impairment and deafblindness. There are many recorded webinars that can be watched for free or you can register to earn professional credit.
Description: 3E Love, LLC. is a social entrepreneurial experiment to change the perception of disability. The company was started by siblings Annie & Stevie Hopkins in 2007 with the intent of promoting their unique symbol and social model of disability. The company's trademarked International Symbol of Acceptance (wheelchair heart logo) is the drive behind it's social mission to provide the tools for others to embrace diversity, educate society, and empower each other to love life.
Description: The Library and Resource Center (LRC) is a component of the Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired (DBVI) from which two fundamental programs are administered. Library services are offered to persons who are print disabled. The Library and Resource Center service is provided to local school divisions to support education of visually impaired and blind children.
Description: AAIDD provides opportunities for professional education on a wide variety of interesting and important topics through webinars. Our programs advance our priorities of promoting good health, furthering the supports paradigm, and using new diagnostic and assessment methods in determining individual strengths, needs and preferences.
Description: Welcome! In an effort to assist sports organizations, coaches, and parents to provide a safer sports environment for the brain, we have developed the “CLF Concussion Checklist.” You will find ten categories that every organization must address, and within each category SLI has provided a number of innovative ways to make the games safer. Make sure your program addresses every category to the best of your ability.
Description: ACHIEVES offers this resource to school systems to help make sure that individuals who provide educational support to children have a good understanding of the challenges that may surface after a concussion is diagnosed and of the steps needed to help these students ACHIEVE a successful recovery. This toolkit highlights the vital roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder within a school, household, and athletic/recreation program when assisting in the prevention, recognition, and management...
Description: This guide has been written for anyone who has been touched by brain injury, whether mild or severe, family or friend. It is the goal of this guide to provide survivors, caregivers and loved ones with step-by-step tools they need to travel the incredible journey of recovery. This guide is not meant to be read at one sitting. We hope you will find the information you need at the time in which you need it. (San Diego Brain Injury Foundation)
Description: If you have recently learned that your child has a developmental delay or a disability (which may or may not be completely defined), this message may be for you. It is written from the personal perspective of a parent who has shared this experience and all that goes with it. When parents learn about any difficulty or problem in their child’s development, this information comes as a tremendous blow. The day my child was diagnosed as having a disability, I was devastated—and so...
Description: Supporting Success is a ‘go-to’ site for professionals and family members seeking more information about hearing loss and what can be done to better support the future learning and social success of children with hearing loss. Only 1 in 100 students with IEPs are receiving services primarily for hearing loss! Hearing loss causes learning issues due to access barriers, not learning disorders. Professional Resource Topics Include: Amplification, Assessment, Early Childhood,...
Description: This resource (PDF) contains documents and websites (in English and Spanish) about Advocacy, Early Intervention, Special Education (2 through 21 years), Transition and Information on Specific Disabilities.
Description: What is autism spectrum disorder? ¿Qué son los trastornos del espectro autista? (English and Spanish version are on the same document) (CDC- Center for Disease Control and Prevention)
Description: Aprenda los signos. Reaccione pronto.
Description: From birth to 5 years, your child should reach milestones in how he plays, learns, speaks, acts and moves. Track your child’s development and act early if you have a concern.
Description: This fact sheet includes: What is ADHD? What are some signs of ADHD? What can I do if I think my child may have ADHD? ¿Qué es el trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad o TDA/H? (English and Spanish versions available on the same document)
Description: This page lists some facts about ASD. (Early Childhood Development, An Office of the Administration for Children & Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
Description: 10 Hechos Sobre el Trastorno de Espectro Autista (TEA) (Early Childhood Development, An Office of the Administration for Children & Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
Description: The Autism Society improves the lives of all affected by autism through education, advocacy, services, research and support.
Description: INFORMACION GENERAL SOBRE EL AUTISMO El autismo es una incapacidad relativa al desarrollo mental que típicamente aparece durante los tres primeros años de vida. Es resultado de un trastorno neurológico que afecta el funcionamiento del cerebro, el autismo y sus comportamientos asociados pueden ocurrir en 1 de cada 68 individuos. El autismo es cuatro veces más frecuente en los niños que en las niñas y no conoce las fronteras raciales, étnicas y...
Description: Apoyo para padres y madres de niños con necesidades especiales
Description: This website supports extraordinary individuals and their families. You’ve likely landed here because a loved one recently received an autism diagnosis, or you’re concerned that someone in your life may be on the autism spectrum. You need good advice, quality information and real help.
Description: Parents are often the first to notice when their child is not learning or growing like other babies. This brochure outlines what to expect from your child during the ages from birth to three years old. (Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia)
Description: Encuesta sobre el desarrollo de su hijo: Los padres son a menudo los primeros en saber cuando su hijo necesita ayuda. (Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia)
Description: Since 2002, the Kennedy Center and Volkswagen Group of America have teamed up for the VSA Emerging Young Artists Program, a Jean Kennedy Smith Arts and Disability Program, to recognize and showcase the work of emerging young artists with disabilities, ages 16-25, who are residing in the United States. Fifteen winning artists share a total of $60,000 in awards. Grand Prize is $20,000, First Prize is $10,000, Second Prize is $6,000, and the remaining Awards of Excellence are $2,000 each. Winners...
Description: Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! is a coordinated federal effort to encourage healthy child development, universal developmental and behavioral screening for children, and support for the families and providers who care for them.
Description: This Teachers’ Desk Reference provides information about traumatic brain injury (TBI), specifically concussion, and the potential effects of TBI on a student’s behavior and academic performance.
Description: The Iowa Department of Public Health has the following archived webinars on Pediatric TBI and Schools: Intro to the Brain Injury Quick Guide, Pediatric Brain Injury 101, Common Challenges after Brain Injury, Managing Challenging Behaviors in the Classroom Following Brain Injury, Pediatric TBI: Where do we go from here?, Pediatric TBI: From Hospitalization to Classroom, Returning to the Classroom Following Concussion & Transitions for Students Following Brain Injury.
Description: VCU Autism Center for Excellence provides a variety of training events for anyone who lives with, works with, or supports an individual with an autism spectrum disorder. Training is developed and designed to enhance the knowledge and skills of: Special Educators, General Educators, Related Service Personnel, Paraprofessionals (paraeducator), Administrators, Psychologists, Family Members and Friends, Medical Professionals, Early Intervention Service Providers and Adult Service Providers. (VCU...
Description: The VCU Autism Center for Excellence is committed to providing resources for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Resources consists of items which may be checked out from our extensive Lending Library as well as electronic materials you can download directly from our website. The electronic materials include fact sheets, peer reviewed journal articles, manuals, website links as well as other materials and information that expand the knowledge of ASD and facilitate implementation of...
Description: This document contains the following sections: Overview, Public Perceptions of LD, LD in the Schools, LD Beyond School, Emerging Issues, Conclusions and Appendices.
Description: This technical assistance resource was created in collaboration with staff at the Virginia Commonwealth University Autism Center for Excellence (VCU ACE) and is designed to be a tools for educators, administrators, and parents working to improve services for students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). These guidelines offer an overview of the current best practices for educating individuals with ASD.The Guidelines are not a standard of practice for the education of individuals with ASD in...
Description: In January 2013, the Virginia Board of Education passed the training standards related to this bill. The document, entitled Training Standards for Paraprofessionals Assigned to Work with a Teacher Who Has Primary Oversight of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (PDF) is now available. These training standards were developed in collaboration with VCU-ACE and feedback was obtained from stakeholders throughout the Commonwealth. Because behavior management is complex, competencies to be...
Description: The Virginia Applied Behavior Analysis (VA-ABA) Consortium is comprised of four universities: George Mason University, Lynchburg College, Old Dominion University, and Virginia Commonwealth University. The Consortium was formed to deliver coursework approved by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board® (BACB) via distance learning modalities by the member institutions. This allows individuals from across the state to participate in the Consortium. Participating universities also may have...
Description: This guide contains information and resources for teachers and school staff. It includes a brief overview of brain injury statistics, levels of brain injury severity, and brain anatomy as well as the behavior, psycho-social, physical/sensory-motor, perceptual, attention, memory/learning, executive function and communication/language challenges that may be faced by a student who has had a traumatic brain injury. There are instructional strategy suggestions and a case study that illustrates how to...
Description: HEADS UP Concussion in Youth Sports is a free, online course available to coaches, parents, and others helping to keep athletes safe from concussion. It features interviews with leading experts, dynamic graphics and interactive exercises, and compelling storytelling to help you recognize a concussion and know how to respond if you think that your athlete might have a concussion.
Description: Families and schools need to communicate in order to make sure potential injury-related learning problems are not overlooked in a child with TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury).