Special Education Process
These entries present specific resources that address the components of the Special Education Process.Skip to search results
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Description: The Brain Injury Association of Virginia have updated this guide for educators that includes the following sections: Brain Injury 101, The Student with TBI: AN Overview, Educational Implications, Transition, Family and Special Education.
Description: This guidelines document is designed to be a resource for teachers and administrators as they address the educational needs of students with a Specific Learning Disability (SLD) in Virginia. Parents of children with SLD may find this document useful as well. These guidelines offer an overview of best practices for educating individuals with SLD and should be used in conjunction with the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE)Regulations Governing Special Education Program for Children with...
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that addresses the education of children with disabilities. This publication includes information that explains the provisions related to, and benefits available to, children with disabilities who are enrolled by their parents in private schools.
Description: Generations United, with the support of the CVS Caremark Charitable Trust, developed Grand Resources: A Grandparent’s and Other Relative’s Guide to Raising Children with Disabilities to equip the caregivers, including those that provide full and part time care to relative children, with the national resources they need to help their children thrive, now and in the future. In addition to the guide, Generations United has developed a resource directory that serves as a companion piece...
Description: This brochure covers: "What is Self-Determination? and How can I help my child become more self-determined?" (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: ¿Qué es la autodeterminación? ¿Cómo puedo ayudar para que mi hijo sea más autodeterminado? (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: This brochure discusses Free Appropriate Public Education, Appropriate Evaluation, Individualized Education Program (IEP) and Least Restrictive Environment.
Description: Tienes el derecho a: La educación pública apropiada gratuita, Evaluación apropiada, Programa de educación individualizado (IEP) and Ambiente menos restrictivo (LRE). (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: This brochure is for elementary and secondary students. It covers what you should do: Before the meeting, During the meeting and After the meeting. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: Antes de la Reunión, Durante la Reunión and Después de la reunion. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: The following is a list of frequently asked questions and corresponding answers regarding the implementation of credit accommodations for students with disabilities. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: The Office of Special Education Programs (OSERS) issued this Q&A document to provide parents, parent training and information centers, school personnel, state educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), advocacy organizations, and other interested parties with information to facilitate appropriate implementation of the IDEA dispute resolution procedures, including mediation, state complaint procedures, and due process complaint and due process hearing procedures.
Description: Credit accommodations provide alternatives for students with disabilities in earning the standard and verified credits required to graduate with a Standard Diploma. Credit accommodations for students with disabilities may include: Alternative courses to meet the standard credit requirements Modifications to the requirements for locally awarded verified credits Additional tests approved by the Board of Education for earning verified credits Adjusted cut scores on tests for earning verified...
Description: This manual will assist school personnel in understanding how a brain injury can best be recognized and served. It includes five chapters on: 1) basic normal neuroanatomy, 2) tasks mastered during normal development and how a brain injury can disrupt development at any point, 3) 16 domains (or skills) most commonly disrupted following a brain injury, 4) social/emotional competency and 5) the federal definition of TBI and its implications on formalized services (504 Plans),...
Description: To encourage more students to work toward a selected industry credential or state license while pursuing a high school diploma, the Path to Industry Certification: High School Industry Credentialing program was developed. Students who earn a credential by passing a certification or licensure examination may earn up to two student-selected verified credits to meet graduation requirements.
Description: This assessment is 100-Item Multiple-Choice, 60-Minute Timed Test (The assessment must be completed in one, 60-minute sitting unless a school emergency interrupts the testing period.) Standard of Mastery: 75%
Description: To graduate with a Standard Diploma, a student must earn at least 22 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives, and earn at least six verified credits by passing end-of-course SOL tests or other assessments approved by the Board of Education. Beginning with students entering ninth grade for the first time in 2013-2014, a student must also: Earn a board-approved career and technical education credential to graduate with a Standard Diploma; and Successfully complete one...
Description: For Virginia's special education students, diploma options are changing. The Modified Standard diploma is no longer an option for students entering the ninth grade (or younger) in the 2013-2014 school year.
Description: The Board of Education has approved a number of substitute tests that students may take to earn verified credits toward graduation.
Description: In February 1998, the Virginia Board of Education approved certain courses that would satisfy the mathematics, science, and history and social science course requirements for the Standard and Advanced Studies Diplomas.
Description: This section of the VDOE website answers frequently asked questions about earning a Virginia high school diploma.
Description: This booklet describes the kinds of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and health benefits for a child with a disability and explains the evaluation of disability claims for children. (Spanish version)
Description: This booklet is for the parents, caregivers or representatives of children younger than age 18 who have disabilities that might make them eligible for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments. It is also for adults who became disabled in childhood (prior to age 22) and who might be entitled to Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits. (We call this SSDI benefit a “child’s” benefit because it is paid on a parent’s Social Security earnings record.)
Description: Students with disabilities must have an equal chance to take part in sports, counseling, clubs, health services, student jobs, transportation, and other school activities. (National Parent Technical Assistance Center)
Description: Matrix Packets Getting Organized — School Age Individual Education Plans (IEP) Understanding Your Child's IEP IEP Tool Kit: Annual/Triennial Review IEP Tool Kit: Educational Benefit Review Resolving Disagreements In Spanish Organizándose - Años Escolares de Su Hijo Plan de Educación Individual (IEP) Herramientas para el IEP Matrix Help! Sheets (Downloads in both English and Spanish) Materials of Other Organizations Websites
Description: This document summarizes practical insights and promising practices for IEP/IFSP facilitation, collected from a broad review of facilitation and special education literature. (The National Center on Dispute Resolution in Special Education, CADRE)
Description: This document, Supporting the Identification and Achievement of the Twice-Exceptional Student, developed by the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE), provides parents, educators, and students with answers to some questions concerning the identification process and instruction of students with dual exceptionalities.
Description: The U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights has issued guidance clarifying school districts' existing legal obligations to provide equal access to extracurricular athletic activities to students with disabilities. In addition to explaining a school's legal obligations, the guidance urges school districts to work with community organizations to increase athletic opportunities for students with disabilities, such as opportunities outside of the existing extracurricular athletic...
Description: Informal Assessments for Transition Planning, Second Edition, is an assessment resource that school-based personnel can use to determine or confirm transition strengths, preferences, interests, and needs for appropriate Transition Planning in the IEP.(Transition Assessments)
Description: Questions and Answers in Follow up to 2007 Spring/Summer Transition Workshops, Virginia Department of Education and Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia, Updated March 2009
Description: The statement that “knowledge is power” is especially true for parents who want to be effective advocates for their children with disabilities. To make sure parents have the information they need most, PACER conducted a survey, and nearly a thousand people responded. Given a list of choices, parents of children from each age group indicated their top three concerns. This PACER Action Sheet provides a selection of helpful information to address each topic from a variety of national and statewide...
Description: The Organization for Autism Research (OAR) was created in December 2001–the product of the shared vision and unique life experiences of OAR’s seven founders. Led by these parents and grandparents of children and adults on the autism spectrum, OAR set out to use applied science to answer questions that parents, families, individuals with autism, teachers and caregivers confront daily. No other autism organization has this singular focus.
Description: This link includes the conference sessions and downloadable materials from the 8th Annual Special Education Conference (Fairfax County Public Schools). Topics include: transition (post-secondary, preschool), executive functioning, reading (middle and high school), medicaid waivers, online textbooks, ADHD, Apps, depression and suicide prevention, bullying, stress, inclusion, mathematics, dyslexia, mentoring, communication to enhance the IEP Process, Down Syndrome, VA Assessment options, child...
Description: English language learners with disabilities are a growing part of the K-12 school population in the U.S. The available knowledge on how to effectively educate these students, and measure their progress, is small but increasing. However, many educators and families have pressing questions. This Impact issue offers responses to some of those questions by people from around the country who are helping schools meet the needs of this growing student population.
Description: CDC has FREE brochures, posters, fact sheets, and more for parents, health care providers, and public health professionals. These include: Hearing Loss Fact Sheet, Decision Guide to Communication Choices, Making a Plan for Your Child as well as Questions You May Want to Ask Your Child's Genetics Team or Medical Professional or Early Interventionists or Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Doctor or Audiologist or Speech Language Pathologist (available in English and Spanish). There is also a Communication...
Description: A 37 minute audio/video overview of special education created to help parents of children with disabilities understand what special education is, how a child might get into special education, how to resolve disagreements, and what role parents play. Developed by PACER Center, it is funded in part by a grant from the Minnesota Department of Education. (Scroll down the Special Education Rights page to find this video. It is available in Hmong, Spanish and Somali.)
Description: Individualized Education Program (IEP) meetings depend on good communication between parents and special ed service providers. When parents do not speak English, schools must bring in an interpreter to ensure that team members understand each other and that parents can give informed consent. Even when the team invites an excellent interpreter, however, things can still go wrong. Following are tips on how to conduct effective IEP meetings when an interpreter is involved. These tips are based on...
Description: A Somali-language glossary of special education terms
Description: IA glossary of special education terms in the Hmong language
Description: New Path: The Support Network for Families in Early Intervention is a program of The Arc of Virginia, designed to help parents navigate the Early Intervention system, from understanding their rights, to building relationships with therapists and doctors. Discovering your child has a developmental delay or disability can be overwhelming. It often transforms notions of what being a parent would be. We are here to guide families on their New Path. (Available in Spanish and French)
Description: The newest AT in Action video, brought to you by FCTD and PACER, introduces Jared, a young man with cerebral palsy who controls his computer using a sip and puff switch. That computer access allows Jared to run a business creating dynamic graphics and websites.
Description: Esta guía para padres ha sido elaborada por el Ministerio de Educación de Virginia ("VDOE") a fin de ayudarles a entender sus derechos y obligaciones, los derechos de su hijo y las obligaciones de la escuela para satisfacer las necesidades especiales de su hijo. Esta guía incluye una descripción del proceso de educación especial y lo que se les exige a ustedes y a la escuela durante cada paso de ese proceso. En cada sección se destacan los plazos...
Description: "Your Family's Special Education Rights" identifies key parts of the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004” (IDEA), a federal law governing the education of students with disabilities. IDEA 2004 requires that families be informed of their special education rights, including how families and schools can resolve problems. This document is available in Arabic (PDF), Chinese (PDF), English (PDF), Urdu (PDF), Farsi (PDF), Korean (PDF), Spanish (PDF), and...
Description: From the National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center, this document helps educators work with students to develop postsecondary goals for the transition component of the IEP, make instructional programming decisions, and include information in the present level of performance related to a student's interests, preferences, and needs in the IEP.
Description: The Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center builds positive futures for Virginia's children by working collaboratively with families, schools and communities in order to improve opportunities for excellence in education and success in school and community life. Our special focus is children with disabilities. We do this by providing: Services and support for families and professionals; Easy-to-understand, research-based information and training; and Opportunities for strategic partnerships...
Description: For Virginia’s special educations students, diploma options are changing. The Modified Standard diploma is no longer an option for students entering the ninth grade (or younger) in the 2013-2014 school year. If your son or daughter will be a ninth grader (or younger) this fall, and was aiming for a Modified Standard diploma, he or she will now be working toward a Standard diploma. The General Assembly amendment to the Code of Virginia raises expectations for students with disabilities. It...
Description: The Virginia Department of Education has developed a document on transition, “Autism Spectrum Disorders and the Transition to Adulthood,” that includes important information on transition assessment and planning, adult services, postsecondary education, employment, home living skills, and Social Security and benefits planning.
Description: While it is expected that parents and school personnel will work in partnership to ensure children with disabilities are provided appropriate services, there are times when the child’s parents and school officials cannot reach consensus on what constitutes a free appropriate public education (FAPE) for an individual child. When such disagreements occur, parents and school districts can turn to IDEA’s procedural safeguards and dispute resolution options.(parent, parents)
Description: A complaint is generally an expression of some disagreement with a procedure or a process regarding special education programs, procedures or services. A formal complaint is considered a request that this division investigate an alleged violation of a right of a parent and/or child with disabilities who is eligible, or believed to be eligible, for certain services based on federal and state laws and regulations governing special education.
Description: The Office of Dispute Resolution and Administrative Services is charged with the responsibility of managing and monitoring a due process hearing system. We provide information to help individuals understand the steps for requesting and managing an impartial due process hearing. This information is not intended as legal advice or as an interpretation of the laws and regulations governing special education in Virginia. The information will, however, help in understanding the implementation of...