Special Education Process

These entries present specific resources that address the components of the Special Education Process.
Referral/Evaluation/Eligibility
Instruction/Monitoring
IEP/IFSP/504
Dispute Resolution
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Showing Results 1 - 50 of 292
Description: This Formed Families Resource Directory provides information about programs and services to support Northern Virginia families formed by adoption, foster care and kinship care who are raising children and youth with disabilities & other special needs. This directory is provided as a free service to individuals and other organizations and agencies. It covers the areas of Alexandria, Arlington County, Fairfax County, Loudoun County, and Prince William County. Some entries are listed under...
Description: Virginia Family Special Education Connection provides a one-stop-shop for parents, families and caregivers of children with special needs to: Access local school system contacts and disability services in your community Explore an abundance of resources, including assistive technology and behavioral supports to help your child succeed. Learn about and plan your child's educational program Understand your legal rights and responsibilities POWER (Parent Organizer with Educational Resources)...
Description: This section includes a compilation links to resources on: Benefits Civil Rights Community Life Education Employment Emergency Preparedness Housing Technology Transportation  
Description: Table of Contents Aiming to Reduce Time-In-Cell Amplifying Voices of Inmates with Disabilities Prison Project (AVID Prison Project) ASERT Collaborative Assessing the Use of Law Enforcement by Youth Residential Service Providers Assisting Victims & Witnesses with Disabilities in the Criminal Justice System: A Curriculum for Law Enforcement Officers (with Trainer's Guide) Autism Awareness Training for New Mexico Firefighters, Paramedics, EMTs, Police Officers and other First Responders Autism...
Description: This section provides information on assessment and eligibility determination guidelines to special education professionals who work with English Learners. These guidelines can be used where traditional evaluation procedures may not be appropriate and are based on specific aspects of diversity such as race, culture, the acculturation process, high mobility among families and poverty rates. This includes “Effective Communication with English Learner Parents through an...
Description: Being a parent is the most wonderful—and hardest—job in the world. If you have a child with special needs, your job is no less wonderful, but it can be more complicated. Your child’s education is most likely an area of great interest to you. As a child with a disability, he or she may be eligible for special education services in school. If so, then it will be important for you to learn: more about special education; how special education services can support your child; and...
Description: AT Consideration Guide App: IDEA (1997) added the requirement that each IEP team consider the need for assistive technology as part of the Consideration of Special Factors. IEP teams must also document their consideration of assistive technology in the IEP plan. The consideration guide is to assist school divisions in developing a process for consideration of AT in the IEP process. (Free)
Description: Children’s Challenging Behaviors is a six-hour workshop for parents of children and youth with mental health needs. In this workshop, a trained and experienced parent provides information to help parents understand typical behaviors versus challenging behaviors that require intervention. Parents learn when and how to seek help, develop parenting strategies, learn the ins and outs of special education and other educational supports, and discover community resources available to families and...
Description: Individualized Education Program (IEP): Summary, Process and Practical Tips from Goodwin Procter LLP After months of research, a team of lawyers at Goodwin Procter LLP has generously put together a helpful guide to help families understand the IEP process as their loved ones head back to school: Individualized Education Program (IEP): Summary, Process and Practical Tips. This guide contains an IEP timeline and clearly lays out the steps to take throughout the IEP process. Questions answered...
Description: Fourteen invaluable tools — checklists, charts, worksheets, letters, parent-teacher conversation starters, and more — to help you and your child team up with teachers for a successful school year. Dear Teacher, Please Meet My Child: A Sample Letter for Parents What I Wish My Teachers Knew About Me: A Free Template for Kids What Every Teacher Should Know About ADHD: A Free Handout Help Your Child’s Peers ‘Get’ ADHD: A Free Guide for Parents 7 Parent-Teacher...
Description: A few resources for identifying SDI and incorporating SDI into the co-taught classroom. (From Marilyn Friend's presentation materials, Virginia's Co-Teaching Summer Institute, July 2017.)
Description: My Parent Journey blog post by Jon Morin Apr 27, 2017 Because of our older son’s high test scores and big vocabulary, his teachers have often suggested that he be placed in gifted and talented (GT) classes. But since he also has issues with executive functioning, social skills and learning, it’s not that simple. Back when he was 8, my son got his first IEP. The school recommended that he be placed in a self-contained class to help with his meltdowns and difficult behavior. Although...
Description: This memo contains a summary of the legislative changes in the McKinney-Vento Education of Homeless Children and Youths (EHCY) program under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).  It also contains supplemental guidance on school of origin transportation for students with disabilities who have transportation as a related service in their Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), and a request for input on the EHCY State Plan for Virginia.  Legislative Summary Under ESSA, the...
Description: Student-directed IEPs are quickly gaining momentum in schools across the country—the proven benefits include higher academic achievement, enhanced student motivation, and increased communication and self-advocacy skills for students with disabilities. Now for the first time, there's a book that gives elementary and high school educators in-depth how-to guidance on making student-directed IEPs work for students with a range of special needs. Packed with practical advice, helpful examples,...
Description: The mission of Virginia's public education system is to educate students in the fundamental knowledge and academic subjects that they need to become capable, responsible, and self-reliant citizens. Therefore, the mission of the Virginia Board of Education and the superintendent of public instruction, in cooperation with local school boards, is to increase student learning and academic achievement.
Description: Legislation passed by the 2016 General Assembly (House Bill 842) requires every person seeking initial licensure or renewal of a license to complete awareness training on the indicators of dyslexia and evidence-based interventions and accommodations for dyslexia. In support of the regulation, this document, Dyslexia: Frequently Asked Questions is designed to be a resource for teachers, administrators and parents to address the educational needs of students with dyslexia. It provides...
Description: The United States is more accessible to deaf and hard of hearing individuals and people with disabilities today than it was 50, 20, or even 10 years ago. A variety of laws ensures equality in the treatment of deaf and hard of hearing people. Communication barriers have been addressed, and wider opportunities are available in education, employment, and community. The legislation that ensures accessibility is presented in this article.
Description: The Department of Education's Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) created a transition guide to advance their efforts in ensuring that all students and youth with disabilities are equipped with the skills and knowledge to be engaged in the 21st Century workforce. In doing so, OSERS recognizes the significance of collaborative partnerships and hopes that the information in this guide will assist families and their students and youth with disabilities in developing and...
Description: The POWER (Parent Organizer With Educational Resources) web app provides parents and families with online resources to answer questions about child development, disabilities, community services, Special Education, diploma options in Virginia and transition to life after high school.  The questions and potential resources are separated into age levels: Early Childhood, Elementary School, Middle School and High School. This project is a collaborative effort between the Parent Resource...
Description: The Applied Studies Diploma is a diploma option available to students identified as having a disability who complete the requirements of their individualized education programs (IEPs) and meet certain requirements prescribed by the Board of Education pursuant to regulations, but do not meet the requirements for any named diploma. This includes a Webinar Series on the Applied Studies Diploma: Applied Studies Diploma Overview Applied Studies Diploma Part 2: The Curriculum Map Applied Studies...
Description: The Applied Studies Curriculum Map (PDF) is a set of skills and competencies that IEP teams can use to identify the need for additional instruction that the student will need to achieve their postsecondary goals. These skills are not standards or required to earn the Applied Studies Diploma, but provide guidance to teams in aligning the student’s transition goals with the goals outlined in the annual IEP. The Applied Studies Curriculum Map provides a guide in which teachers, students,...
Description: Watch the entire webinar or use the table of contents (on left) to select specific information on the various diploma options and their requirements. This interactive webinar also includes additional resources for more in-depth information. This video include the following sections: Welcome! Advanced Studies Diploma Standard Diploma Applied Studies Diploma Assessments Thank You!
Description: Hyperactive, non-compliant, and disruptive behaviors in the classroom are often challenges for early childhood educators, regardless of whether a young child is diagnosed with ADHD or not. Understanding the rationale for and principles of behavior management and self-regulation approaches can help you support positive development for young children with challenging behaviors using evidence-based strategies.  This "Ask the Expert" video is full of information and strategies that you may find...
Description: The Military Outreach program through the Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center (PEATC) was created to provide awareness and assistance to military families, and professionals that support them, in Virginia through various outreach activities; networking - attending meetings that support military families, exhibiting and presenting workshops –as well as interacting and assisting parents and professionals. The Military Outreach Initiative continues to demonstrate its mission –...
Description: The Working in Support of Education (W!SE) financial literacy credential is closely aligned to the required Economics and Personal Finance (EPF) course (6120) for all students.  Therefore, students who have successfully completed the EPF course in a previous semester or previous year but have not passed an industry certification examination to satisfy the Standard Diploma graduation requirement may take the W!SE test. Upon passing the W!SE test, these students will have met two graduation...
Description: This is a web-based toolkit to assist in identification of specific practices and strategies around transition in early childhood.Practices are defined as key elements of transition planning that are broad and global in nature and can be implemented in ways that reflect a shared understanding of the intent of the practice and are regularly and consistently implemented across staff and programs. Strategies are defined as specific program or classroom activities used to implement a...
Description: The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) offers guidance on collaboration for parents, parent advocates, and school division personnel in this memo. Collaboration is the essential building block of creating successful outcomes for students with disabilities. The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) strongly encourages parents, parent advocates and professionals who work with students with disabilities throughout Virginia's public schools, to work together collaboratively in a positive...
Description: Age of majority is the age when children legally become adults. At this time, they gain the rights of adults, which include the right to vote, marry, apply for a credit card, make medical and financial decisions for themselves, sign contracts, live independently, and much more. In most states the age of majority is age 18. We invite you to read this tip sheet for parents to learn more about: Who decides the age of majority The age of majority in your state What the transfer of parental...
Description: From a student’s first day of school until the completion of his or her education, a significant number of educational decisions will have been made for or by that student. Until a student reaches the age of 18 (also called the “age of majority” in Virginia), most of those decisions are made by parents, family members, and/or guardians in consultation with teachers or education officials. The right of a person meeting the definition of parent under the Virginia Regulations, to...
Description: If you have just recently found out about your child’s hearing loss or know of a child who has been recently diagnosed with a hearing loss you are on the right track to finding more information for Virginia residents. Knowledge is power! Being informed in the area of deafness/hearing impairment and teaching your child or children with hearing losses to be independent is important.
Description: ATware Solutions, LLC. has been formed by a multidisciplinary team of people from several Virginia universities to produce software and hardware that can be used by people with disabilities, or professionals and families assisting people with disabilities.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 defines secondary transition as a coordinated set of activities designed to be within a results-oriented process, focused on improving the academic achievement and functional performance to facilitate movement from school to post-school activities. The purpose of transition planning for youth at ages 14 and 16 is similar; good planning should address academic achievement and functional performance that will facilitate movement from...
Description: Successful and meaningful transition services are the result of careful planning. This planning is driven by a young person’s dreams, desires, and abilities. It builds a youth’s participation in school, home and community living. Transition planning helps to prepare young people for their futures. It helps them to develop skills they need to go on to other education programs after high school. It builds skills to live, work, and play in the community. It helps to build independence....
Description: What are transition services?The term “transition services” means a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that are designed to be within a results-oriented process. The services focus on improving the academic and functional achievement of the child with a disability to facilitate the child’s movement from school to post-school activities. These activities include postsecondary education, vocational education, integrated employment (including supported...
Description: A Virginia high school diploma signifies that the bearer has met proficiency standards established by the Board of Education in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history. The resources listed here explain Virginia's graduation requirements and the many options now available to students for earning a high school diploma. You also will find information on how students can get even more out of their high school experience by accepting the challenge of advanced courses. Standard Diploma...
Description: Every child is unique and learns in different ways. If your child has been identified as needing special education services to support his or her learning at school, you can play a major role in shaping the services your child receives. This section will help you understand the Individualized Education Program (IEP) and the importance of your participation in developing your child’s IEP Plan. You are a required member of your child’s IEP team, and your ideas must always be considered...
Description: It is the intent of the Commonwealth of Virginia to include all students with disabilities in the assessment component of Virginia's accountability system. IDEA 2004 regulations require that all students with disabilities participate in the state's accountability system. Students with disabilities may participate in the Standards of Learning (SOL) assessments, Virginia Substitute Evaluation Program (VSEP) and Virginia Alternate Assessment Program (VAAP). When determining participation in...
Description: Your child’s IEP includes annual goals. And while her school will keep you updated on progress, you may want to keep track on your own, too. This IEP goal tracker can help you stay on top of your child’s IEP goals, her present level of performance and the progress she’s making. It can also help you keep track of questions or observations you might want to raise with the IEP team. A goal chart doesn’t have to be complicated. Here’s a quick rundown of what you need to...
Description: The I’m Determined project, a state directed project funded by the Virginia Department of Education, focuses on providing direct instruction, models, and opportunities to practice skills associated with self-determined behavior. This project facilitates youth, especially those with disabilities to undertake a measure of control in their lives, helping to set and steer the course rather than remaining the silent passenger. There are resources and videos for Educators, Parents and...
Description: Quality transition planning is student centered and student driven. The initial step is gathering information regarding a students’ current strengths, needs, preferences, and interests in the context of “of current and future working, educational, living, and personal and social environments”, (Sitlington, Neubert, and Leconte, 1997). Transition assessment toolkit. The Summary of Performance is required (IDEA, 2004) and intended to provide a student with a summary of their...
Description: Because TBI is the only disability related to a specific event, accommodations on an IEP may not be immediately available. Often, it is appropriate to start with a 504 plan and then if the symptoms remain, move to an IEP. There are three ways a student may be considered an individual with a disability under section 504. A student is considered to have a disability under 504 if the student: Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Has a...
Description: We all have issues that don't go our way and end up straining relationships with others. It's what we do from that point that determines whether we can maintain positive relationships with those involved or further strain those connections. The Problem Resolution App is designed to help facilitate the collection of narratives of those involved in a particular dilemma. This is a great tool for counselors/facilitators/administrators to gather multiple perspectives around issues that arise. ...
Description: This webinar presentation covers two aspects of Age of Majority issues presented by The disAbility Law Center of Virginia (dLCV): Social Security and Alternatives to Guardianship"Social Security: The Age 18 Re-determination and Related Topics", presented by Elizabeth HornSynopsis -Students on SSI as a child will be re-determined at age 18 based on the adult rules. How is the decision made, can benefits be extended, is working during this time recommended? What about applying for the first...
Description: The transition from high school to college life is difficult enough for any number of students without considering a disability. Odds are that if you have a disability and you made it through high school, you’ve done it with the help of a very disciplined and structured routine order of classes. College life is a very different game, allowing students to make a lot of choices and decisions for themselves.
Description: The Parents with Disabilities Toolkit provides a summary of disability laws that protect families’ rights. Inside of the toolkit, you will find information on topics like adoption, custody, visitation, family law, and the child welfare system. We have also shared parts of NCD’s report, Rocking the Cradle, with stories from parents who have been treated unfairly because of their disabilities. Knowledge is power, and helping people understand this issue is very important. Through this...
Description: In a new feature on its ADA.gov website, the Department of Justice (DOJ) provides information and resources on accessible technology. Topics covered include enforcement, technical assistance and guidance, regulations, and technology initiatives. ADA.gov is the DOJ Civil Rights Division’s site for technical assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act. Enforcement The Department's ADA enforcement efforts have helped to ensure that people with disabilities can access Web sites,...
Description: If your child has an Individualized Education Program (IEP), IDEA guarantees your some important rights. The right to: Participate in IEP Meetings, An Independent Evaluation, Give (or Deny) Consent, Contest a School's Decision, and Private Education Paid by the Public School (in specific circumstances).
Description: If your child doesn’t qualify for an Individualized Education Program (IEP), she may still be able to get help through a 504 plan. This graphic presented shows important rights under a 504 plan: Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), Accommodations and Modifications, Instruction and Services, Notice, and Challenge a School's Decision.  
Description: The Center provides vocational training and medical interventions for people with disabilities to assist them in obtaining employment and to live more independently. In the more than two decades that I have been a part of the staff at the Center, I have been blessed to witness many extraordinary stories of our clients. In many instances, clients overcome significant obstacles and go on to achieve astounding accomplishments in their personal and professional lives. WWRC exists to provide the...
Description: The Virginia Family Special Education Connection Website provides Local Disability Services information for all of the Counties/Cities in the Commonwealth of Virginia. These services include: Arc (The Arc) Care Connection for Children (Health Department Program) Centers for Independent Living Child Development Services Program - Clinics Community Services Board (CSB) Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services (DARS) Department of Medical Assistance Services (DMAS) Department of Social...